The integration of monumental sculpture in landscapes: a case study of selected Kampala and Entebbe landscapes
Nsubuga, Eria Solomon
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This study examines the integration of monumental sculpture with landscapes from a historical point of view of the Western world as well as the Ugandan situation. The study’s objectives are: To find out why monumental sculpture is not effectively integrated with landscapes in Central Uganda. To practically design and produce monumental sculpture and integrate it with selected landscapes in central Uganda. The study reveals that an unclearly defined government policy /education system toward monumental sculpture, people’s apparently negative attitude toward sculpture and the lukewarm influence of patrons can be blamed for landscapes and monumental sculpture not being well integrated. The results of the study also indicate that there is no effective national policy concerning placement of monumental sculpture in landscapes. There is also lack of proper machinery for easy interaction and consultation between sculptors and the officials concerned in local governments. This inevitably exacerbates the problem of poor integration of monumental sculptures in the landscapes, especially in the usually regulated and planned development process in an urban setting. Should this status quo continue, sculptors might have to consider seriously devising means of persuading their patrons, various institutions and other stakeholders to, in the future, include monumental sculptures when submitting to the local authorities concerned their site and other building plans for approval. As a way of giving practical guidelines for integration of monumental sculpture in landscapes, 3 projects were carried out under this study. Owing to this research’s observed fact that most existing monumental sculptures had in the past been erected in public spaces in Central Kampala City and Central Entebbe Municipality, resulting in an uneven distribution of monumental sculptures in the respective landscapes, 2 of the projects were carried out in privately owned landscapes in Kisugu, a suburb of Kampala City, and Namulanda, along Kampala/Entebbe Road, in Wakiso District. The remaining project was undertaken at the Government-owned Makerere University. The study reveals a need for monumental sculpture to be introduced in the national schools curriculum and examination structures right from Primary School level in order to foster youths who would, in future, as responsible adults fully appreciate all aspects of monumental sculpture.