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|Title: ||The levels of household consumption of animal source foods in Hoima - Uganda|
|Authors: ||Kajura, Charles|
|Keywords: ||Animal products|
Food of animal origin
Animal source foods
|Issue Date: ||Apr-2008 |
|Abstract: ||Malnutrition is one of the most important health problems in Uganda, being ranked among the ten top killer diseases. Nutritional deficiencies are often juxtaposed to health problems and often malnutrition is a predisposing factor in many childhood illnesses. The contribution of ASF in alleviating and controlling malnutrition related problems is enormous. This study had the objective of assessing the consumption levels and utilization of ASF among the four types of household categories and the deficiency problems associated with inadequate intake of these foods by the people of Hoima in Uganda. It was a cross sectional study using survey questionnaires, structured interviews and focus group discussions. The quantitative data results were analysed by ANOVA – SPSS packages while the qualitative data was descriptively analysed through categorization of the common parameters in the findings.
The per capita consumption of ASF (with meat = 14.7; milk = 75.3 litres; eggs = 12.2 kg; fish 12.2 kg) were below the recommendation by WHO/FAO. The predominantly livestock keeping hh had the highest per capita consumption levels for meat, milk and eggs while the crop based hh had the lowest levels. Statistically, there were no significant differences in the consumption levels of meat between the four categories of hh (p=0.05). When meat, eggs, and fish were combined, the mean per capita consumption was 34.3 kg; still lower than the recommended average per capita consumption of 50 kg. The combined per capita consumption of meat was highest in the mixed crop/livestock based hh (42.2 kg) and lowest in the crop based hh (25.1 kg). The per capita intake of meat (3.8 kg), eggs (5.0 kg) and fish (1.9 kg) in children under the age of five was exceptionally low compared to the adults. However, the per capita consumption of milk in children (88.6 litres) was higher than the district average (75.3 litres). This indicated that more milk was being given to children than adults.
The findings of the research point to the need for deliberate integration of ASF utilization into all programs and community initiatives involved in poverty eradication and food security. The recommendations in the research are geared towards efforts to increase availability, accessibility and affordability of ASF through policy formulation and implementation.|
|Description: ||A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the Master of Science in Livestock Development, Planning and Management Degree of Makerere University.|
|Appears in Collections:||Theses & Dissertations (Science)|
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