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|Title: ||Wood energy technology diffusion and adoption around protected areas: the case of Mount Elgon and Sango Bay|
|Authors: ||Bagabo, Samuel Michael|
|Keywords: ||Wood energy technology|
|Issue Date: ||Jun-2009 |
|Abstract: ||The aim of the study was to identify and analyse the key factors that influence the diffusion and adoption of wood energy technologies (WETs), among subsisting communities bordering Mt. Elgon National Park and Sango Bay Wetland Forest Reserve. The study also sought to describe how this information could be used in the development of scientific generalisations, WETs models for prediction, simulation of their diffusion and adoption to enhance effective and efficient management of similar ecosystems.
Management of protected forests in an environment of increasing demand for forest products and agricultural land by the subsisting communities calls for provision of viable livelihood alternatives to forest dependence. WETs are some of the innovations that have been promoted for decades now, however studies have shown that WETs have been difficult to diffuse. Little is known regarding how to reach the communities with solutions and alternatives that reduce forest dependence without causing conflicts.
Data collection employed two methods; reconnaissance survey where relevant groups and key stake holders were interviewed and the guided structured questionnaire where a total of 637 respondents were interviewed. Data analysis employed descriptive statistics, factor analysis using SPSS 12 and trend analysis using Microsoft Excel. Factor analysis identified factors that can be used for prediction and simulation of diffusion to enhance scientific generalisation, policy formulation and planning for the subsisting communities around Mt. Elgon National Park and Sango Bay wetland forest reserve in Uganda. These included; distance of homestead from the forest, landholding, income, food security, labour availability, age of respondent, education level and cost of wood fuel as the key factors for WETs diffusion and adoption in subsisting communities.
It was found that the WETs needs for a household could be defined in terms of these factors and therefore even the community’s perception of the benefits from the WETs if adopted. Frameworks for quantifying factors for diffusion and adoption of WETs and the need and benefit based model for prediction of WETs diffusion and adoption in time and space ex-ante have been developed. The study concludes that the ability to measure and predict WETs diffusion factors will accelerate the development of knowledge and enhance management of protected areas. The study proposes policy recommendations to enhance diffusion and adoption of wood energy technologies in Uganda and also identifies areas where the model will benefit from further investigation.|
|Description: ||A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Doctor of Philosophy of Makerere University.|
|Appears in Collections:||Theses & Dissertations (Science)|
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