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|Title: ||Household characteristics that determine immunization status of children 12-23 months old in Uganda|
|Authors: ||Mugume, Richard|
|Issue Date: ||Jan-2010 |
|Abstract: ||The study was guided by two objectives: namely, to examine the socio-economic household characteristics that determine immunization status among children 12-23 months old in Uganda and to establish the household demographic factors that influence immunization status among children 12-23 months old in Uganda.
The main source of data in this study was the Uganda Demographic Health Survey of 2006/2007 which was done by UBOS in collaboration with Macro International. The dependent variable was immunization status, which had three categories; a child being fully immunized, partially immunized and non immunized. The independent variables included; income of the household, mothers’ education level, place of residence, marital status, mothers’ age among other socio-economic and demographic factors. The data was analyzed at three different levels; univariate, bivariate using the Pearson’s chi square statistic and multivariate using the multinomial logistic regression model.
The study found out that children from rich family background significantly (P=0.039) have an increased risk (RRR=2.144) of being non-immunized rather than being partially immunized relative to those from poor category families. Also, skilled and agriculture employed mothers have an increased risk (RRR=2.077) of having non immunized children than having partially immunized ones relative to those not working. Children from rural areas though not significant (P=0.657) have a reduced risk (RRR=0.876) of being fully immunized rather than being partially immunized compared to those from urban areas. It is also worth to note that Protestants, Muslims and mothers’ who belong to other religious affiliations have a reduced risk of completely immunizing their children than partially immunizing them relative to the Catholics.
Mothers’ who had read a news paper and a magazine as source of information, have an increased risk (RRR=1.225) of fully immunizing their children than partially immunizing them relative to those who had not. Older mothers were more likely to completely immunize their children rather than partially immunizing them compared to younger ones.
According to the tested hypotheses the study concluded that mothers’ level of education, occupation, religion, age of the mother, frequency of reading a news paper or magazine and marital status were significant household characteristics associated with immunization status of children 12-23 months old in Uganda.
In light of the above conclusion, the study recommends that people should be sensitized on the need to have all children fully immunized in order to prevent childhood deaths and life-long disability, improvement of interpersonal communication between health workers and mothers’ so as to reduce missed chances and drop outs, improve on the child health care card retention by the mothers, mothers should be encouraged to give birth at health centres so as to have access to health facilities for example the first clinical contact where a child receives BCG and two drops of OPV and improve on the health infrastructure, motivate workers, promote parents participation by the government of Uganda.|
|Description: ||A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Master of Statistics of Makerere University.|
|Appears in Collections:||Theses & Dissertations (ISAE)|
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