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|Title: ||Technical evaluation of maintenance of Ugandan national roads and its influence on capital investment|
|Authors: ||Ludigo, Patrick James|
|Keywords: ||Roads - Maintenance and repairs|
Investment in roads, Uganda
|Issue Date: ||17-Jul-2009 |
|Abstract: ||This study was undertaken to determine if the planning for maintenance of national roads has been effective and its influence on capital investment. Further, the study tried to elaborate whether maintenance management systems in Uganda draw upon knowledge and data made available by capital improvement activities and past and current research findings that provide better insight into modeling of pavement behavior. This was in light of the fact that Routine maintenance of highway pavements was a major expenditure area in most countries around the world.
Primary and secondary data sources were used in carrying out the analysis at the national level. These included data on maintenance activities applied, cost, road condition and roughness. The analytical model used was the HDM-4 model, with modeling done under the programme analysis mode. The findings show that: (i) the planning for maintenance activities was considered appropriate on 86% of the paved roads and 75% of the unpaved national roads; (ii) the funds applied to periodic maintenance since 1996/7 have been well below the required amounts; (iii) the funds provided have not been allocated optimally between routine maintenance, mechanized maintenance and periodic maintenance; and (iv) there was lack of support tools for planning maintenance and rehabilitation activities.
Whereas US$ 7.2 million was required annually for periodic maintenance, only US$ 0.76 million was applied representing only 10% of the PM needs. As a consequence the annual road maintenance interventions have been insufficient to maintain the national roads network in a sustainable condition; and (ii) a maintenance deficit is consequently building up. In order to clear up the maintenance backlog created, Government had to provide resources for periodic maintenance to the tune of US$ 30 million during Financial Year 2002/03, US$ 16.74 million during financial year 2004/05, US$ 14.25 million in FY 2005/06, US$ 11.59 million in FY 2006/07. From the HDM-4 modeling, the annual requirement for national roads maintenance of 10,000 Km was estimated at US$60 million.
However, given the ever increasing national road network, the US$60 million may still be insufficient. Consideration should therefore be given to the re-organisation of the resources that presently exist in the Ministry of Works and Transport (MoWT), with the aim of creating a more efficient road maintenance organisation. It was acknowledged that there was, and will still be in the foreseeable future, a shortage of funding for road maintenance, and systems need to be improved so that the funding may be used more efficiently.|
|Appears in Collections:||Theses & Dissertations (Tech)|
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