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|Title: ||Factors constraining accesibility to AIDS drugs (ARVs) in Uganda: a case study of Kampala, Mukono and Wakiso districts|
|Authors: ||Muhangi, Lawrence|
|Keywords: ||AIDS treatment|
|Issue Date: ||7-Dec-2008 |
|Abstract: ||Access to treatment is a key part of national strategies to combat HIV/AIDS. The
level of access to ARVs in Uganda is still low possibly due to socioeconomic factors. Relevant literature was reviewed on health seeking behaviour for sexually transmitted
diseases. A questionnaire on ARVs access was administered to respondents in
Kampala, Mukono and Wakiso districts. A logistic regression model was used to
estimate the determinants of accessibility to ARVs.
Overall 11.3 percent accessed ARVs and the access increased with the education level
attained by the HIV/AIDS patient. HIV/AIDS patients whose spouse are still alive were
more likely to access ARVs (20 percent) than those whose spouse is dead (6.1
percent), p=0.032. Percapita income (OR 1.435, P=0.015), quality of health services
(OR 7.228. P=0.046) and education level (OR 5.174, P=0.006) showed significant
positive associations with accessibility to ARVs. Other variables; cost of ARVs (OR
0.515, P=0.025), travel cost (OR 0.659, P=0.035) and opportunity cost of seeking
health services (OR 0.089, P=0.080) reduce the odds of a given household accessing
ARVs for her HIV/AIDS patient(s).
AIDS patients should be enabled by the Government to access ARVs at no cost or at
worst, minimal cost. ARVs should be brought nearer to the people since the cost of
travel and distance to be travelled are deterrents to household accessibility to ARVs.
Other direct costs associated with using ARVs should be reduced, particularly costs of testing for CD+ count, and of feeding on a proper and complementary diet.|
|Description: ||A Masters Thesis accessible from the Library|
|Appears in Collections:||Theses & Dissertations (Science)|
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|muhangi-fema-masters.pdf||Access to AIDS drugs||4585Kb||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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