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|Title: ||Assessment of knowledge, attitudes and practices of hair salon operators on infection control measures in Busia district, uganda.|
|Authors: ||Kirunda, Ibrahim|
|Keywords: ||Hair salon operators,|
Infection control measures
|Issue Date: ||2007 |
|Abstract: ||INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND:
Barbering and hairdressing pose particular public health if they are not conducted in a safe and hygienic manner. These risks that include the transmission of infectious diseases such as HIV(AIDS), Hepatitis B and scalp fungal infection may be both to the operator and the client.
The essence of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practice of hair salon operators on infection control in Busia district as a baseline for ensuring to users.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
In a cross-sectional survey, an interviewer administered questionnaire was admininstered to 100 salon operators aged between 15 and 65 years old and worked for more than 3 months, randomly selested from all the salons included in the study. Data were collected on sociodemographics; salon operator's knowledge, attitudes and practices related to infection control measures. An observational checklist was employed to assess their practices. Key informants provided additional information. The study unit was the salon operator and his/her premises and level of infection control measures was the study out-come.
The study population composed of 64% males and 36% females. Of the 100 salon operators, 33% of the respondents knew the fact that only HIV could be spread in salons. Although over 80% of the respondents had good attitudes towards infection control, 60% of the barbers and 30% of the hairdressers were found with inadquate knowledge. Respondents who were not knowledgeable about possible spread of infections were less likely to use gloves(OR 0.399 95% CI = 0.166-0.957 p= 0.037) and change and use clean towels (OR 0.322 95%CI=0.121-0.860 p=0.020). Twenty- five(25%) percentage of the respondents had good infection control measures.
It was evident from the study respondents that salons are potential sites for spreading infection. Although salon operators used a poorly recommended disinfectant, there was an attempt to disinfect tools used in salons. Lack of adequate salon tools was a very big problem hindering infection control measures. Supervision, although limited to only registered salons, influenced salon operator's practices. The salon operator's attitudes towards improving their infection control were good. Lack of specific regulations/policies on salon opening/operations has had a negative impact on infection control measures in Busia district.
Guidelines on salon establishments and operations should be developed and disseminated to salon operators during their sensitization meetings on infection control measures.
Undergoing trainings by salon operators should be a prerequisite in the licencing process of these salon businesses. More surveys should be conducted in other parts of the country to have a broadened picture of the current infection control among salon operators.|
|Description: ||A dissertation submitted to Makerere University Graduate School in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the Master of Public Health degree of Makerere University|
|Appears in Collections:||Thesis & Dissertations (Public-Health)|
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