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|Title: ||Medical education in Sub-Saharan Africa: a literature reveiw|
|Authors: ||Greysen, S. Ryan|
Olapade-Olaopa, E. Oluwabunmi
|Keywords: ||Medical research|
|Issue Date: ||2011 |
|Citation: ||Greysen, S.R., Dovlo, D., Olapade-Olaopa, E.O., Jacobs, m., Sewankambo, N., Mullan, F. (2011). Medical education in Sub-Saharan Africa: a literature reveiw. Medical Education, 45|
|Abstract: ||OBJECTIVES This review synthesises research
published in the traditional and ‘grey’ literature
to promote a broader understanding of
the history and current status of medical
education in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA).
METHODS We performed an extensive review
and analysis of existing literature on medical education in SSA. Relevant literature was identified through searches of five traditional medical databases and three non-traditional or grey literature databases featuring many African journals not indexed by the traditional databases.
We focused our inquiry upon three themes of importance to educators and policymakers:
innovation; capacity building, and
RESULTS Despite the tremendous heterogeneity
of languages and institutions in the
region, the available literature is published
predominantly in English in journals based in
South Africa, the UK and the USA. In addition, first authors usually come from those countries.
Several topics are thoroughly described in this literature: (i) human resources planning
priorities; (ii) curricular innovations such asproblem-based and community-based learning,
and (iii) the ‘brain drain’ and internal drain.
Other important topics are largely neglected,
including: (i) solution implementation; (ii)
programme outcomes, and (iii) the development
of medical education as a specialised field
CONCLUSIONS Medical education in SSA has
undergone dramatic changes over the last
50 years, which are recorded within both the
traditionally indexed literature and the
non-traditional, grey literature. Greater diversity in perspectives and experiences in medical education, as well as focused inquiry into neglected topics, is needed to advance medical education in the region. Lessons learned from this review may be relevant to other regions afflicted by doctor shortages and inequities in
health care resulting from inadequate capacity in medical education; the findings from this study might be used to inform specific efforts to address these issues.|
|Appears in Collections:||Research Articles (Health-Sciences)|
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