Makerere University Research Repository >
College of Health Sciences >
School of Health Sciences >
Research Articles (Health-Sciences) >
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title: ||Lessons learnt from comprehensive evaluation of community-based education in Uganda: a proposal for an ideal model community-based education for health professional training institutions|
|Authors: ||Kaye, Dan K.|
Muhwezi, Wilson W.
Kasozi, Ann N.
Mbalinda, Scovia N.
Nabirye, Rose C.
|Keywords: ||Community-based education (CBE)|
Health professionals - Study and teaching
Rural health training
|Issue Date: ||2011 |
|Publisher: ||BioMed Central|
|Citation: ||Kaye, D.K., Muhwezi, W.W., Kasozi, A.N., Kijjambu, S., Mbalinda, S.N., Okullo, I., Nabirye, R.C., Oria, H., Atuyambe, L., Groves, S., Burnham, G., Mwanika A. (2011). Lessons learnt from comprehensive evaluation of community-based education in Uganda: a proposal for an ideal model community-based education for health professional training institutions. BMC Medical Education, 11(7)|
|Abstract: ||Background: Community-based education (CBE) can provide contextual learning that
addresses manpower scarcity by enabling trainees acquire requisite experiences, competence, confidence and values. In Uganda, many health professional training institutions conduct some form of community-based education (CBE). However, there is scanty information on the nature of the training: whether a curriculum exists (objectives, intended outcomes, content, implementation strategy), administration and constraints faced. The objective was to
make a comprehensive assessment of CBE as implemented by Ugandan health professional
training institutions to document the nature of CBE conducted and propose an ideal model
with minimum requirements for health professional training institutions in Uganda.
Methods: We employed several methods: documentary review of curricula of 22 institutions, so as to assess the nature, purpose, outcomes, and methods of instruction and assessment; site
visits to these institutions and their CBE sites, to assess the learning environment
(infrastructure and resources); in-depth interviews with key people involved in running CBE at the institutions and community, to evaluate CBE implementation , challenges experienced and perceived solutions.
Results: CBE was perceived differently ranging from a subject, a course, a program or a project. Despite having similar curricula, institutions differ in the administration, implementation and assessment of CBE. Objectives of CBE, the curricula content and implementation strategies differ in similar institutions. On collaborative and social learning,
most trainees do not reside in the community, though they work on group projects and write group reports. Lectures and skills demonstrations were the main instruction methods.
Assessment involved mainly continuous assessment, oral or written reports and summative examination.
This assessment identified deficiencies in the design and implementation of CBE at several health professional training institutions, with major flaws identified in curriculum content, supervision of trainees, inappropriate assessment, trainee welfare, and underutilization of opportunities for contextual and collaborative learning. Since CBE showed potential to benefit the trainees, community and institutions, we propose a model that delivers a minimum package of CBE and overcomes the wide variation in the concept, conduct and
implementation of CBE.|
|Appears in Collections:||Research Articles (Health-Sciences)|
Files in This Item:
All items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved.