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|Title: ||Prevalence of chronic suppurative otitis media among adult HIV/AIDS patients attending the infectious diseases clinic at Mulago Hospital.|
|Authors: ||Twongyeirwe, Eunice|
|Keywords: ||chronic suppurative otitis media|
|Issue Date: ||Jun-2004 |
The HIV/AIDS is a world pandemic and a global challenge to the field of medicine. Sub-Saharan Africa has been worst hit by the epidemic, accounting 70% of the world HIV/AIDS cases. Chronic suppurative otitis media is one of the common infections seen in HlV/AlDS patients. Studies done in other countries indicate prevalence of CSOM in HlV/AlDS patients ranging from 12.5% to 29%. Despite the fact that Uganda is one of the countries severely hit by HIV/AIDS, there is no documented prevalence study carried out on CSOM in adult HIV/AIDS patients.
To determine the prevalence, types and complications of CSOM among HIV/AIDS patients attending IDC at Mulago Hospital, Kampala, Uganda.
A cross sectional descriptive study was carried out in IDC at Mulago Hospital in Uganda. During the period between May and June 2004, 220 adult HIV/AIDS patients were clinically assessed for CSOM and related complications.
The prevalence of CSOM was 7.7%. The female: male ratio of 2.1: 1. The age range was 15-56 years. Tubotympanic disease was the dominant type of CSOM. The frequency of complications was 1 1.8%. The commonest complication was Extracranial complication (mastoiditis) 11.8%.
It is concluded that CSOM is a common infection among HIV/AIDS patients. Tubotympanic disease was the dominant type of CSOM. The frequency of complications was 11.8% with extracranial complications being the commonest. It is recommended that health workers treating HIV/AIDS patients should be made aware of association between CSOM and HIV/AIDS infection. The patients should have regular E.N.T examinations and HIV/AIDS patients with tubotympanic disease should be monitored for complications of the disease. Further studies should be carried out to establish the relationship between HIV/AIDS is a risk factor in developing CSOM.|
|Description: ||A thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of the Masters of Medicine in Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Degree of Makerere University|
|Appears in Collections:||Theses & Dissertations (Health-Sciences)|
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