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The population genetic structure of Africa Buffalo (Syncerus Caffer, Sparrmann 1786) in Uganda based on mitochonrial DNA control region sequence variations

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dc.contributor.author Masembe, Charles
dc.date.accessioned 2018-05-31T23:37:50Z
dc.date.available 2018-05-31T23:37:50Z
dc.date.issued 2002-09-09
dc.identifier.citation Masembe, C. (2002). The population genetic structure of Africa Buffalo (Syncerus Caffer, Sparrmann 1786) in Uganda based on mitochonrial DNA control region sequence variations. Unpublished master’s thesis, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda. en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10570/6275
dc.description Thesis submitted to the School of Graduate Studies in partial fulfillment for the award of the Degree in Masters of Science in Environment and Natural Resources of Makerere University. en_US
dc.description.abstract Until the 1950’s and 60’s the African buffaloes (Syncerus caffer) in Uganda were abundant and widely distributed. However recently, the buffaloes have been decimated and their range restricted to protected areas as a result of bottlenecks, habitat fragmentation and other human activities. In this study I investigated the effects of the recent reduction in population size and fragmentation on the distribution and patterns of genetic diversity in the buffaloes using mitochondrial DNA control region sequence variations. Eighty four samples from four national parks were used in this study. Despite the documented reduction in population sizes, fairly high levels of nucleotide diversity (π=3.1% to 5.4%) were observed. In the total sample, 78 haplotypes were identified and an overall π 0f 4.4% was observed. Despite the high mobility of buffaloes, significant genetic differentiation among all populations was also observed even between populations separated by short geographical distances (KST [0.03 – 0.09]; FST [0.06-0.14]). The observed mtDNA haplotypes did not coincide with the geographical origin of the individuals. These results are interpreted in light of the recent catastrophes faced by the buffaloes and should raise conservation and management concerns as far as Syncerus caffer populations in Uganda are concerned. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Wildlife Genetic Project at MUIENR en_US
dc.language.iso en en_US
dc.publisher Makerere University. en_US
dc.subject Wildlife and genetic variation en_US
dc.subject Buffaloes and genetic variation en_US
dc.subject Buffaloes and feeding behaviours en_US
dc.subject African buffaloes populaation en_US
dc.title The population genetic structure of Africa Buffalo (Syncerus Caffer, Sparrmann 1786) in Uganda based on mitochonrial DNA control region sequence variations en_US
dc.type Thesis/Dissertation (Masters) en_US


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